World Academy of Sciences Journal Special Issues
Professor Vijaya Anand
With the better-quality reaction of food health and nutrition, experts are enthusiastic to research the efficient or bioactive compounds in food. Some bioactive compounds in food may cause lethal harm to health, while some bioactive compounds which play reverse roles can prevent cardiovascular, obesity and metabolic diseases. Potential themes include but are not limited to the following, Development of nutritious approaches to decrease the hazards caused by dietary bioactive compounds, the role of dietary bioactive compounds in the enhancement of gut microbiota, biochemical biomarkers of chronic metabolic diseases. The herbs and parts of plants, which have been filled with various medicinal and diet values; are being referred to as medicinal herbs or plants. The usage of medicinal plants for the treatment of a wide range of diseases has been in practice for thousands of years and it has been observed to be effective too. The phyto-components are one of the ancient yet effective ways of treating diseases and disorders without any severe side effects. The products of the plants can be used in dietary formulations, which can be exploited as functional foods. Nutraceuticals, widely known as functional foods fall into two forms as conventional and modified and plays an important role in protecting against nutrient deficient diseases and elevating the immune response against certain diseases effectively. The pathophysiology of human diseases is complicated; however, cancer pathogenesis has been understood to a certain extent, which paves a way for effective treatment of the disease. Very few studies have reported the effectiveness of functional foods in disease and evidence are being available for the prevention of disease, enhancing health through functional foods. The inter-relationship between the medicinal plants, functional foods and human disease as well as diet for animals are discussed as a whole in a detailed manner, with scientific evidence in this book, which paves an easy road towards the research on medicinal plant products and functional foods in the treatment of diseases and nutraceuticals in human/animals. The zones enclosed in this special issue incorporate, but are not limited to: • Nutrients as anti-cancer products • Marine by-products in Animal diets • Phytoconstituents as anti-cancer products • Anti-inflammatory activity of plant derived compounds • Secondary metabolites from natural by products • Marine sources anti-cancer and ani-diabetic products • Impacts of Vitamins and Minerals in disease prevention and treatment • Synthesis of bio-active compounds from plants • Nanoparticles and their applications in the treatment • Bio-green synthesis of nanoparticles: production, characterization and applications • In vitro and in vivo analysis • Antimicrobial activity of plant derived compounds • Microbial identification and characterization • Nanomaterials; drug delivery • Nanomaterial in Food Science and Packing
Submission deadline: 17 September 2022
Professor Dimitrios P. Bogdanos
Division of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly
COVID-19, the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection, is associated with a plethora of immune-mediated and autoimmune phenomena. A great percentage of infected patients develop autoantibodies, even in the case of non severe disease, raising the issue as to whether those autoantibodies are the forerunners of early autoimmune diseases. Also, COVID-19 patients develop de-novo organ and non-organ immune-mediated manifestations, some of which are evolving into full blown autoimmune diseases, which require immunomodulatory treatments. This issue will tackle this topic and will discuss pathogenic and pathophysiological mechanisms which link the virus with autoimmune manifestations which will assist efforts of experimental and translational research to understand the origin of the documented link.
Submission deadline: 30 October 2022
Dr Marcello Iriti
Milan State University
In recent decades, the role of phytotherapeutics in the prevention and treatment of communicable and non-communicable diseases has been increasingly investigated and documented by a plethora of in vitro and in vivo studies. Herbal medicinal products are rich in bioactive phytochemicals such as polyphenols, carotenoids, phytosterols, glucosinolates and organosulfur compounds responsible for their efficacy as antimicrobial, anticancer, immunomodulating, antidiabetic, antiobesity, antiaging, cardioprotective and neuroprotective agents. However, although epidemiological observational studies have also focused on the association between regular plant food consumption and lower risk of chronic degenerative diseases, the preclinical evidence should be further substantiated by human intervention studies, in particular by randomized controlled trials at the top of the evidence-based pyramid. Furthermore, the oral bioavailability of phytochemicals, their pharmacokinetics (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) and safety (toxicity) should be much more investigated together with pharmacodynamics and mechanism of action. In this very wide context, we invite investigators to submit both original research and review articles that explore all these aspects.
Submission deadline: 25 January 2023